Negative Effects of Lockdown in India

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India has become the world’s new hotspot for the COVID-19 pandemic as disease cases have flooded in recent weeks. On 16 October, India has crossed 7.3 million confirmed cases, while as many as 1.1 million confirmed deaths, according to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Unlike the US and Brazil, India’s everyday increment in COVID-19 cases gives no indication of a decrease. If the current trend continues, India may soon become the most exceedingly awful hit nation, outperforming the US.

Reason for lockdown in India?

The World Health Organization (WHO) pronounced COVID-19 a pandemic on March 11 however until March 13, India’s authentic position was that it wasn’t a well-being crisis and there was no compelling reason to freeze.

By March 15, it was apparent to well-being specialists and disease transmission experts that the infection is exceptionally communicable and therefore spreads immediately even without the infected being noticeably suffering. So, Partial or full lockdown is one of the prime isolate methodologies followed by nations to control the exploding disease.

On 24 March 2020, the Government of India under Prime Minister Narendra Modi requested a cross country lockdown for 21 days, requesting 1.3 billion people to stay in the places they are until the lockdown ends to control the COVID-19 pandemic in India.

Negative impacts of lockdown in India

Economic impact

Nobody can reject that the Indian economy was encountering headwinds before the arrival of the pandemic. India’s GDP was on a descending slope much before the COVID-19 pandemic hit the nation to a great extent because of the demonetization work out, and the messed-up usage of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) that disabled the informal sector and small businesses. The GDP development rate had fallen down from 8.2% in January–March 2018 to 3.1% in January March 2020.

In the principal quarter of the financial year 2020-21, this number went into negative. The GDP development rate for April–June 2020 was – 23.9%, which happened to be the most noticeably terrible ever. Crucial parameters like manufacturing, construction, exchange, lodging industry saw decay and slip into negative.

India’s GDP constriction was more disappointing than any of the world’s greatest economies. Aside from China, the most significant economies saw GDP reduction in the April-June quarter of 2020, yet India posted the sharpest quarterly decay, far more awful than the US (9.1%) and Italy (17.7%) ― two nations seriously hit by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Impact on Migrant workers

During the hour of lockdown, activities were not adding to the production and supply of essential goods creation, and businesses were totally or incompletely suspended. Travelers’ trains and flights were ended. The lockdown has seriously affected emigrants, a few of whom lost their positions because of the closing of businesses and were abandoned outside their local spots needed to get back.

With factories and work environments shut down, a great many migrant workers had to manage the loss of salary, food deficiencies, and vulnerability about their future. Following this, a significant number of them and their families went hungry. While the government schemes guarantee that the poor would get extra rations because of the lockdown, the distribution system failed to be effective.

With no work and no cash, a large number of traveler laborers were seen walking or bicycling many kilometers to return to their local towns. Many were captured for disregarding the lockdown and some passed on of exhaustion or in mishaps on the roads.

Impact on children/students

COVID-19 and the lockdown had a noteworthy negative effect on the physical, mental, and passionate well-being of the youngsters causing low-quality rest, mental problems, and parent-kid discord.

Division of kids from playgroups and companions and their everyday schedule of playing is making a lot of anxiety for kids, they are losing their connections. Youngsters’ public activity and learning have been influenced and a large portion of them are thinking that it is hard to remain away from friends.

About half of these children experience issues in sleeping and 17% of the kids wake up in the center of their rest and take around 20 to 30 minutes to return to sleep. They additionally experienced daytime laziness, daytime sleepiness, frustration, weight gain, change in the body, and back pain.

A lot of poor students are finding it very difficult to have internet access for studies. They are facing difficulty in paying fees and having connectivity to online classes.

Increase in Domestic Violence

The implementation of lockdown to battle this pandemic has recorded a significant effect on the whole human climate. Abusive behavior at home because of lockdown in India just as everywhere in the world has risen as a major public health danger. On one hand, the whole world is worried about the COVID-19 pandemic and battling with COVID-19 for the triumph of the human culture. On the other, a gathering of heartless people is destroying the physical just as psychological well-being of intimates. Hence, both COVID-19 and aggressive behavior at home have shown up as “twin general well-being crises“.

In addition, it has welcomed a massive effect on emotional wellness too. Even a lot of battered ladies encounter suicidal thoughts because of abusive behavior at home. Hence, urgent actions are needed to beat these long-lasting social issues.

Impact on Food industry

Foodservice is the most noticeably awful hit area in India, and internationally. Eating in for all food service establishments had been shut because of the lockdown. While food delivery is accessible sparingly, it represents under 5% of foodservice sales. With consumers turning to cook at home, interest in bundled food, especially staples, has profited. However, supply challenges are normal during the lockdown, with disturbance in coordination and work development affecting raw material accessibility, and the slow movement of completed items to stores leading to low stock and conceivable stock-outs.

Online retailing stays a negligible giver in India, representing under 1% of total grocery deals in 2019. Despite the fact that request has expanded exponentially, the limited framework of online grocers is confining them and they are just able to service their current clients.

Impact on Agriculture sector

The farm economy confronted a serious hit when lockdown stopped transportation, consequently stagnating the harvest. Further, during the top harvest, the produce couldn’t reach mantis, accordingly disturbing the supply chain. Additionally, the inaccessibility of traveler workers, blocking the collect and post-gather activities. That apart, the sale of dairy items, for example, milk, egg, etc is additionally confronting issues. This is a direct result of different operational limitations.

Accordingly, the cultivators and related experts lose their salary while some face the wrath of joblessness. Likewise, little and negligible farmers, landless farmworkers, SMEs dependent on crude materials from agriculture, etc, and experience extreme difficulties. Subsequently, the government is striving to give elective income until the economy falls once again into its place.

Impact on IT sector

Tension step up among employees as appraisals get delayed, fear of job losses rises and pay cuts across areas got widespread during the four months of the lockdown forced in the country because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The greater part of the world’s most vulnerable individuals lives and works in the informal economy and the greater part of the workforce in developing countries is utilized in it. Obviously, not all casual workers are poor, and not all working poor are occupied with the informal economy. But there is a noteworthy overlap between working in the informal economy and being poor.

The COVID-19 emergency and the progressing lockdown have left employees feeling restless and stressed over their future, inciting many corporate to search for approaches to keep the staff motivated.

Some are roping in psychologists to lead ”happiness meetings” for staff individuals over video conferencing, others have chosen to continue speaking with them consistently about business updates.


So, are the critics of lockdown wrong? If they claim that lockdown has neglected to slow COVID-19 in India, at that point, yes – however hardly any individuals would make such a sweeping claim. Or maybe, the principle analysis is that lockdown was poorly arranged and cruelly executed. This prompted a lot of pointless misery that proceeds with today. It also may be removed consideration from other more sustainable methodologies for disease control, for example, sloped up tracing and testing. The most sensational lockdown mistake was to bar traveler laborers from getting back home at a moment when disease levels were low and any subsequent spread might have been easily contained. The migrant workers’ emergency shows us above all else that both epidemiological and humanitarian results of any significant move ought to be considered cautiously ahead of time.

View the current status of India here

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