1. Building of the Great Pyramids (3000 BC)
The great Pyramids of Giza were built to serve as the tombstone of the dead kings of Egypt. These kings were called Pharaohs. It was believed that these Pyramids would act as unparalleled powerhouses where the Pharaoh would attain immortality.
2. First Olympiad Greece (776 BC)
Athens, Greece hosted the first Olympiad in the world. If we convert today’s date to the BC/AD system, the first Olympiad started in the summer of 776 BC and lasted till the summer of 772 BC.
3. Foundation of Rome (753 BC)
According to history, Rome was founded by two brothers Romulus and Remus in 753 BC. In order to rule the city solely, Romulus killed Remus and named the city after himself.
4. Greeks defeated the Persians at the battle of Marathon (490 BC)
This battle was fought on the Marathon plain of North-Eastern Africa in 490 BC.
5. The period of Aristotle and Plato (360 BC)
Aristotle and Plato are two significant figures of the ancient philosophy.
6. Egypt conquered by Alexander (332 BC)
Alexander, the great was the king of Macedonia and the heir of the Argead dynasty. In 332 BC, he conquered Syria and then Egypt.
7. Alexander dies at Babylonia (323 BC)
He died in 323 BC. Some say that he died of Malaria, others believe that he was poisoned.
8. The construction of the Great Wall of China begins (214 BC)
Emperor Shi Huang ordered the construction of the Great Wall of China.
9. Julius Caesar attacks Great Britain (55 BC)
He had invaded Great Britain twice. Once in 55 BC and once in 54 BC.
10. Birth of Jesus Christ (4 BC)
Jesus Christ was born in the Kingdom of Judea in 4 BC.
11. Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (29 AD)
Jesus Christ died in Jerusalem after he was crucified.
12. Huns’ invasion of Europe (375 AD)
Hung’s ‘ the nomadic tribe of Central Asia, the Caucasus, and eastern Europe invaded Europe somewhere between the 4th and 6th centuries in 375 AD.
13. Prophet Muhammad born at Mecca (570 AD)
Muhammed, the founder of Islam was born on 22nd April (570 AD) in Mecca (now in Saudi Arabia).
14. Flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina (622 AD)
In September, 622 ADS, Muhammed shifted from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution.
15. Death of Muhammed (632 BC)
This marks the beginning of the Hijri era.
16. Arabs invade Spain (711 BC)
In 711 BC, Arabs invaded Spain and made it a great Muslim civilization.
17. Norman’s invasion of England (1066 AD)
The Normans invaded England in 1066 AD. However, they kept the farming techniques the same and they used the same money taxes for people to pay their taxes.
18. Rogen Baker invents gunpowder (1280 AD)
This was one of the most mind-boggling inventions which created a storm in the war history.
19. The era of The Hundred Years’ War (1338 AD)
This war was a conflict between the English and France over the French throne. It lasted for 116 years.
20. Black death Plague in England (1348 AD)
Also called the Bubonic Plague, the black death plague was considered a pandemic as it had wiped off 35 – 40% of the population of England from June 1348 AD to December 1349 AD.
21. Constantinople’s capture by the Turks (1453 AD)
8th Constantinople was captured by the Ottoman empire in 1453 AD. It marks the beginning of the Renaissance in Europe.
22. Columbus discovers America (1492 AD)
October 12 is the day when Americans get a holiday to celebrate Columbus’s Day in honor of the discovery of America.
23. Sea-route to India by Vasco da Gama (1498 AD)
This discovery of Sea-route to India was a journey of 6 months which started from the cape of good hope in the Atlantic Ocean.
24. Spanish Armada defeated (1588 AD)
The Spanish Armada was a fleet of 130 naval ships that started its journey in order to invade England but later it was declared a fail because of being outfoxed by the English and later by the violent sea-storms.
25. Establishment of the East India Company in India (1600 AD)
It was founded on 31st December 1600 in order to exploit the trade between east and southeast Asia and India.
26. Execution of Charles 1(1649 AD)
The execution of Charles 1 occurred outside of the banqueting house in Whitehall.
27. Monarchy restored in England (1660 AD)
The restoration of monarchy took place in 1660 AD when King Charles returned from his exile from Europe.
28. The Great Plague of England (1665 AD)
This was considered as the worst plague of England after the Black Death plague in 1348 AD. It was considered an epidemic which was spread by flea infected rats.
29. Glorious revolution in England (1668 AD)
The glorious part of the glorious revolution of England was that the monarchs shared powers with the parliament.
30. Battle of Blenheim (1704 AD)
This battle was fought for the Spanish Succession. Later it was converted into a grand alliance.
31. The union of England and Scotland (1707 AD)
It was brought into action by the Act of Union by the respective parliaments of both the nations.
32. Declaration of American Independence (1776 AD)
It stated that the Americans were no longer under the rule of the British.
33. French Revolution (1789 AD)
It led to the refinement of the political powers between the rulers and those they governed. It was when George Washington was elected as the first president of America.
34. Nelson’s Death and the Battle of Trafalgar (1805 AD)
Nelson Mandela was shot by a French sniper
35. Battle of Waterloo (1815 AD)
At Waterloo in Belgium, Napoleon had to taste defeat at the hands of the Duke of Wellington which led to the end of Napoleon’s era of European history.
36. Death of Napoleon (1821 AD)
Napoleon was exiled on the Island of Helena in 1815, where he died in 1821 due to stomach cancer.
37. Reforms bill passed in England (1832 AD)
It was proposed by the then Prime Minister of England Lord Grey. It reformed the system of voting in England.
38. Queen Victoria’s accession to the throne of England (1837 AD)
She was made the queen of England at the age of 18 on June 20, 1837. She ruled England till the age of 81 when she died on January 22, 1901.
39. Beginning of the American Civil War (1861 AD)
The American Civil war arose between the advocates and the opponent of slavery. It was won by the union.
40. Russian- Japanese War / Japan defeated Russia (1904 – 1905 AD)
This war had started between these two countries over the rivalry between the dominance over Korea and Manchuria. However, Japan had defeated Russia in this war.
41. Chinese revolution (1911 AD)
It was when the Chinese threw off the imperial dynasty which led to the commence of the People’s Republic of China.
42. World War 1 (1914 AD)
It was a global war that started in Europe in 1914. It lasted up to 1918.
43. World War 2 (1939 AD)
It lasted from 1939 to 1945 in which the major global power made two alliances viz the Allies and the Axis.
44. Burma and Ceylon get independence (1948 AD)
Ceylon was renamed into Sri Lanka. It was separated from India in 1948 AD.
45. Death of Stalin (1953 AD)
It was also when the Mount Everest was conquered for the first time in the entire human history.
46. WTO comes into existence (1995 AD)
It was when France tested its nuclear weapon and the Balkan peace accord was signed.
47. Euro becomes the official currency of twelve European countries (2002 AD).
48. India – Pakistan air links resumed (2003 AD).
49. India – Pakistan agrees to allow travel by bus across the LOC. (2005 AD)
50. SAFTA came into effect in 2006.
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