Birth of Lord Krishna and places to visit in Mathura

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History of Mathura

Mathura is a district of Uttar Pradesh state. Mathura is the birthplace of Lord Krishna and India’s most ancient and famous city. It is very beautiful and It is believed that whoever comes to this city, all the sins of his life are washed away.

Mathura has situated on the bank of river Yamuna. Mathura district is situated on the western border of Uttar Pradesh. It is surrounded by in the east by district Etah, in the north by district Aligarh, in the southeast by district Agra, in the southwest by Rajasthan and Haryana in the northeast. Mathura is the northwestern district of Agra division. There are 4 tehsils in Mathura district.

History of Mathura according to Hindu mythology

According to his name, the name Mathura was originated in Madhudaitya’s reign. Madhu Daitya got a trident after satisfying Lord Mahadev with penance. Lord Mahadev said that who will keep this trident, no one will be able to kill him/her on earth.

Madhudaitya donated the trident to his son Lavanasura. After receiving the trident, Lavanasura started committing extreme injustice and atrocities on the earth. To protect against atrocities, Shri Shatrughna, brother of Shri Ramchandra Ji arrived at this place along with Mahamuni Bhargava.

Bhargava Muni informed that when Lavanasura goes for hunting then he hides the trident in the Sri Shiva temple. So, he can be killed on the same occasion. Accordingly, while returning from Shri Shiva temple Shatrughan created great war and killed Lavanasura. After this, Shri Shatrughan Ji establishes the city Surshen Nagri at this place. The current name of the same suit is Mathura.

History of birth of Lord Krishna

Lord Shri Krishna was born from the womb of Vasudeva’s wife Devaki in the prison of Mathura in Rohini Nakshatra on the dark night of Bhadrapada Krishna Ashtami Tithi. This date reminds us of the same auspicious moment and is celebrated with great pomp in the whole country as Janmashtami.

Lord Krishna and Yashoda
Lord Krishna carried by Yashoda, Made by our Author Kaustubh Srivastva

During the Dwapar era, Bhoj Vanshi King Ugrasena used to rule in Mathura. His son Kansa removed him from the throne and Kansa himself became the king of Mathura. Kansa had a sister named Devaki who was married to a Yaduvanshi named Vasudeva.

At one time Kansa was going to deliver his sister Devaki to her in-laws. On the way, there was an oracle in the sky who said “Devki who he is carrying with great love, the eighth child born from her will kill you”. Then Kansa became furious and attempt to kill Vasudev. Devaki said to him “without any reason, I will bring the child of my pride to you. What is the benefit of killing a brother-in-law?

Kansa agreed to Devaki and went back to Mathura. He put Vasudev and Devaki in prison. Vasudev and Devaki had six children and one by one Kansa killed all of them. As soon as the seven was born Yogamaya transferred him to the womb of Rohini.

After some time, Devaki was about to have an eighth child. At the same time, Nanda’s wife Yashoda was also going to have a child in Gokul. Seeing the sad life of Vasudev and Devki, Nanda decided to protect the eighth child on the instructions of Lord Vishnu

When Vasudev and Devki’s eighth child was born, At the same time by coincidence, a girl was born from Yashoda’s womb who was no one else but Maya. Suddenly in the cell where Devki Vasudev used to stay, there was light and in front of them, the God Chaturbhuja appeared and both of them fell at the feet of God, then God said to them “Now I again take the form of a newborn. You sent me to Gokul, the home of your friend Nanda Ji and the girl born to him bring him to Kansa and the atmosphere is not favorable at this time, still, you do not worry, the guard will fall asleep while the gates of the work planet will open automatically and the swollen Yamuna will automatically show you the path.”

He left the prison and crossed the Yamuna and reached Nanda’s house. He put the newborn to sleep with Yashoda and took the newborn girl with him to Mathura. Now, All the gates were automatically closed again and Kansa got the information that Vasudev and Devaki’s eighth child had born. He went to the prison house and snatched the newborn girl from Devaki’s hand and slammed it on the earth, but the girl flew into the sky and said from there, “Hey fool, what will happen to kill me, who is going to kill you has reached Gokul and very soon he will punish you”.

Mathura District have amazing cultural significance for Hinduism and also by the perspective of world tourism it is very important as it have tons of beautiful places which you can’t ignore.

Places to visit in Mathura district

1. Mathura city

Shri Krishna Janambhumi

Sri Krishna Janamsthan Temple is located in Mathura as it is also known as  Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shri Krishna was born in this temple. It is situated at about 2 km from the Mathura Junction Railway station. This temple is most crowded on the occasion of Janmashtami.

Shri krishna Janambhumi
Shri Krishna Janambhumi, By Diego Delso – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0

On Janmashtami, millions of tourists from all over the country and abroad come to have a glimpse of Lord Krishna.

Mangla Aarti 5:30 AM
Makhan Bhog8:00 AM
Evening Aarti6:00 PM
Timing of Darshan5:30 AM to 12:00 PM and 4:00 PM to 8:30 PM
Garbhgrah’s Darshan5:30 AM to 8:30 PM

Dwarikadheesh Mandir

The Dwarkadhish temple in Mathura was built in 1814 by Gokuldas Parekh, the state treasurer of Gwalior. The temple is close to the Vishram Ghat which is the main ghat situated on the edge of the city. Lord Krishna was often called Dwarkadhish, the king of Dwarka, and the temple is named after him.

The main attraction of Shri Dwarikadhish Temple is the idol of Lord Krishna. There is a large complex that is made of black and white marble and has a statue of Sri Radharani which is very beautiful. Its walls have pillars made from Rajasthani style.

This temple welcomes thousands of tourists every day. During the festival of Holi and Janmashtami, the crowd increases even more, during the festivals the attraction of the temple doubles. It is also famous for its swing festival which is held at the end of every Shravan month. And this also marks the beginning of the rainy season. During this time, Lord Shri Dwarkadhishji is kept in a beautiful gold and silver swing for special darshan.

Mangla6:30 AM to 7:00 AM
Shringar7:40 AM to 7:55 AM
Gwala8:25 AM to 8:40 AM
Rajbhog10:00 AM to 10:30 AM
Utthan4:00 PM to 4:20 PM
Bhog4:45 PM to 5:05 PM
Sandhya Aarti5:20 PM to 5:40 PM
Shayan6:30 PM to 7:00 PM
Timings (Ramnavami to Devuthan Ekadashi)
Mangla6:30 AM to 7:00 AM
Shringar7:40 AM to 7:55 AM
Gwala8:25 AM to 8:40 AM
Rajbhog10:00 AM to 10:30 AM
Utthan3:30 PM to 3:50 PM
Bhog4:20 PM to 4:40 PM
Sandhya Aarti4:40 PM to 5:15 PM
Shayan6:00 PM to 6:30 PM
Timings (Devuthan Ekadashi to Ramnavami)

2. Vrindavan

Vrindavan is a place associated with Lord Krishna’s Leela. This place is considered to be the place of child pastimes of Lord Krishna. It is located 12 km from Mathura in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India on the bank of the Yamuna.

Vrindavan is the very place where Lord Krishna did the Maharaas. Here, in every particle, the spiritual stream of Radha Krishna’s love flows. Janmashtami in Vrindavan is celebrated the next day from Mathura and Chhappan Bhog is offered. Devotees from all over the world can only come to see the Chhappan Bhog.

The natural hue of Vrindavan is worth seeing. The Yamuna has surrounded it from three sides. The lush and tall trees, adorned with flowers like flowers in the dense bower of trees, fill the mind with joy and the greenery of spring gives coolness to the eyes. It is the by-product of the philosophy of reflection of Shri Radha Madhava. Each and every particle of Vrindavan is an example and evidence of Radha-Krishna’s love. There is a kingdom of love and devotion here. There are many ghats on the banks of Shri Yamuna in Vrindavan. The streets of Vrindavan are very famous and these streets are called the streets of Kunj.

Various temples in Vrindavan

Banke Bihari Temple

Shri Banke Bihari temple is located in the beautiful area of Sri Vrindavan Dham. It is said that the construction of this temple was due to the collective efforts of the descendants of Swami Shri Haridas Ji. The construction of the temple was not initially undertaken by any donor. But later some accepted.

Banke BIhari Temple
Banke Bihari Temple, By आशीष भटनागर – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0
Darshan9:00 AM to 12:00 PM and 7:00 PM to 10:00 PM
Shringar Aarti9:30 AM
Rajbhog Aarti12:00 PM
Shayan Aarti10:00 PM
Timings (Summer)
Darshan10:00 AM to 1:00 PM and 6:00 PM to 9:00 PM
Shringar Aarti10:30 AM
Rajbhog Aarti1:00 PM
Shayan Aarti9:00 PM
Timings (Winter)

Prem Mandir

Prem Mandir is located in Vrindavan near the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh state in India. It has been built by Jagat Guru Kripalu Maharaj as a temple of Lord Krishna and Radha. The construction of this temple took 11 years and an amount of about 100 crores. Italian Carrara marble has been used in it. And it has been prepared by 1000 Artists from Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. The foundation of this temple was done by Kripalu Maharaj Ji on 27 January 2002. This magnificent temple is built after 11 years and carved in white Italian marble.

prem mandir
Prem Mandir, Vrindavan

The pastimes of Lord Shri Krishna are beautifully depicted through tableaux in the temple premises. Victory over Kalia Nag, Lifting the Goverdhan Parvat by a tiny finger and Rasleela with the gopiyaan, the statues of Kanha and all the Braj people appear in these tableaux. The white marble gleaming carving on the walls of the temple adds to the grandeur of the temple. On the ground floor of the temple is the temple of Shri Krishna -Radha Rani and on the first floor there is the temple of Sita-ram. The statue of Kripaluji Maharaj is also there which seems to be alive to see. The grandeur of the Prem Mandir increases manifold at night by changing the color of the lighting of the temple. On the other hand, the tableaux are also seen doing the action. There is also a half-hour fountain show every evening.

Darshan 5:30 AM to 12:00 PM and 4:30 PM to 8:30 PM

Iskon Temple

ISKCON Temple is a Hindu temple located in Vrindavan in the city of Mathura in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shri Krishna and his elder brother Balarama. This is the reason why this temple is also known as Krishna Balarama Temple. It is the grandest of all the temples in Vrindavan. To see its beauty, devotees and tourists come here in large numbers. The carving and painting inside the temple are very enchanting and describes the life of God. Inside the temple, people experience a different kind of peace.

Iskon Temple Vrindavan
Iskon Temple, Vrindavan, By Rishabh gaur – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0
Darshan4:30 AM to 1:00 PM and 4:30 PM to 8:30 PM

Some other temples in Vrindavan

  • Vaishno Devi Mandir
  • Govind Dev Ji Mandir 
  • Shri Rang Ji Temple
  • Sri Radha Damodar Mandir
  • Sri Radha Vallabh Mandir
  • Nidhivan Temple
  • Gopinath Temple
  • Priyakant Ji Temple
  • Radharamana Temple
  • Jaipur Temple
  • Jugal Kishore Temple

3. Govardhan

The Govardhan Parvat is about 22 kilometers from Mathura. Govardhan Parvat and its surrounding is also called Brajbhumi. This is the Leela Sthala of Lord Krishna. It is believed that Lord Krishna raised the Govardhan Parvat on his index finger to save the Braj people from the wrath of Indra in Dwapara Yuga. It is believed that the size of this Govardhan mountain decreases every day. It is believed to have been over 5000 years ago, it was 30000 meters high. But today it is only about 30 meters.

It is believed that Pulastya Rishi was very impressed by the beauty of this Giriraj Parvat. When he wished to bring it from Dronachal mountain, Girraj Ji said that wherever you would place me for the first time, I will be set up there. On the way, the sage put down the mountain, yet could not shake it again. He cursed the Parvat that every day the height of Parvat will reduce. It is believed that from that time onwards, the height of the Govardhan Parvat is decreasing.

Devotees from far and wide have come to revolve around Mount Govardhan for centuries. It is about 21 km roundabout seven Kos.  Radha Kund, Kusum Sarovar, Mansi Ganga, Govind Kund, and Danghati are the Most Important Temples and Ghats of Goverdhan.

4. Gokul

According to Hindu mythology about 5125 years ago, Lord Krishna was born in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. Gokul is 15 km from Mathura.  The most naughty boy in the world spent 11 years, 1 month, and 22 days there, and this was the upbringing place of Krishna and Balarama. Gokul is the place of the childlike performances of Gopal. As soon as we enter Gokul, we see a peak there where Bal Gopal used to sit and play the flute and in the nearby pool, mother Yashoda and other women of Gokul village used to wash clothes and also take a bath.

Gopiyas used to give the greed to  Bal Gopal of buttermilk and Makhan. While living in Gokul, Krishna killed many Asuras.

From Bansiwat, a path leads directly to the Nanda Bhavan. While going to the Nanda Bhawan, Gaushala and Ras chowk fall in between. Ras Chowk where the people of the village used to spend the night together at a folk festival, so they used to dance and sing, which enters into a big gate made of stones. From inside the mouth of a street in Ras Chowk, we see the wall of Nanda Bhawan. Every stone has the names of those, who have donated for the maintenance of Nanda Bhawan and the daily offerings of Makhan – Mishri and Laddu to Bal Gopal.

5. Barsana

Barsana is a town and Nagar panchayat located in the Govardhan Tehsil of Mathura district. It is also called as Vrishabhanupur. It is said that the most beloved gopi of Lord Shri Krishna was Shri Radharani. In the middle of the town is the temple of Shri Radha Vallabh, which is considered to be the birthplace of Sri Radha. Radha is also mentioned in the Padam Purana. According to the Padam Purana, Radha is the daughter of a Vrishbhanu. Vrishabhanu was from Vaishya Vanik Kul. Some scholars believe that Radha Ji was born in Rawal village near the Yamuna and her Baba settled in Barsana. According to this belief that Nandababa and Vrishbhanu had a close love.

Lord Krishna and Radharani
Lord Krishna and Radharani, Made by our Author, Kaustubh Srivastva

Because of the Asuras sent by Kansa, Nandbaba left his family with all the Gwalas and cattle and took up residence in Nandgaon village. Vrishbhanu also along with his family left behind him and left the village of Rawal. They came and started living in Barsana near Nandagaon. But people mostly believe that she was born in Barsana. The famous temple of Radha Rani is situated on the hill of Barsana village. Radha is called LADLI JI in Barsana.

Brahma himself was also eager to reside in Braj. He wanted to enjoy Shri Krishna’s child pastimes. At the end of Satyuga, he prayed to Vishnu that when you do the divine night in Brajmandal with your swaroopa Shri Radha Ji and other gopiyaan then let me also witness their pastimes and endow my pastimes with my body. Lord Vishnu said on hearing this prayer of Brahma “Brahma, you go to Braj and take an avatar of Parvat in Vrishbhanupur. This place will be safe from water in the rainy season, you will take that mountain form on your body. With  Radha and other Braj Gopiyaan , you will be able to see them directly on the Parvat here“. Shri Radha –  Krishna did lots of Leelas on that Parvat.

Brasana is also famous for its Lathamar Holi.

If you are seeking inner peace then tour of Mathura District is highly recommended.

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